Coping resources of adolescents of deviant behavior
Recently, there has been an increase in scientific research within the framework of the new for the domestic psychology of the direction – the psychology of the Coping Behavior behavior at the junction of social psychology, the psychology of the personality, medical, age psychology (Kryukov T.L., 2005; Granovskaya I.M., Granovskaya R.M.,2001; Elizarova T.NS., 2000). In domestic psychology, the concept "Coping Behavior" Interpreted as coocting behavior or psychological overcoming (orphan.A., Yalton B.M., 1993; Lapin I.NS., 2000).
Coping behavior is represented by a holistic psychological mechanism, and is understood as an individual method of cooping a person with a difficult situation in accordance with its significance in his life and personal-media resources (orphan.A., Yalton B.M., 2001; Nartov-Bocham with.TO., 1997). An important point in the consideration of this phenomenon is not only the effectiveness of the adaptation of a person to conflict, stressful situations and their requirements, but also an active change, transformation of situations to control.
Coping behavior is mainly considered from the position of the interaction of coping strategies and coping resources (personal and social). In particular, Folkman S. Coping resources are highlighted, including physical (health, endurance and t.D.); Psychological (beliefs, self-esteem, locus of control, morality and t.D.); Social resources (human social ties and other types of social support) (FOLKMAN S., 1984). A number of authors, specifying the resource potential, to personal coping resources include the resources of the cognitive sphere, I-concept, internal locus of control, affiliation, empathy, human spirituality, the value-motivational personality structure. Social environment resources are presented by a social support system, socio-supporting processes (N.A. Orphan, yalton in.M, 2001; Ababkov B.A., Peremm., 2004; . Blazer A., 1998; Sierrasta Z.NS., 2000; Dementi L.AND., 2004).
At the moment, scientific studies conducted in the framework of the solution of coping problems have a rather diverse direction. Special attention is paid to the consideration of the peculiarities of the process of coctation of deviant adolescents. (Sirota N.A., Yalton B.M., 1993; Shukailo B.V., 2006 and others.). Since due to the growth of socio-economic, political tensions, the relevance of the issue of deviating (deviant) behavior is of paramount importance. In addition to the above, the period of cultivation is characterized by special contradictory, and increasingly increasing demands of the social environment increase psycho-emotional stress, accompanied by manifestations of various kinds of conflicts, crisis situations, which, in turn, contributes to the strengthened increase in irrational forms of behavior. In this case, the teenage age is characterized not only by special sensitivity to stressful influences, which entails various manifestations of deviant behavior, but also by syntheticity in the formation of style (method) coping behavior.
Thus, we assume that the features of the development of coping resources (personal and environmental) in adolescents of deviant behavior determine the success of coping with difficult, life situations. In turn, the lack of their development can lead to a manifestation of a deadaptive, deviating behavior.