What is the cause of the child’s aggression?
Constantly waiting for an attack from others, children become more aggressive. Results of the study, lasting four years.
Scientists from the University of Duke in North Carolina, USA held a four-year study, which was attended by 1299 children and parents from 12 different cultural groups in 9 countries.
Researchers measured the level of the child’s aggression, watching him and politic to his parents. The little participants were offered, for example, to answer the question, how would they do if someone unexpectedly pushed them and they would stumbled and set foot foot or fell into a puddle.
Based on their responses, scientists determined, is the child tend to regard such ambiguous actions as hostile or as harmless and is ready to show aggression in response. In every culture and society there were children who stably assumed that the intentions are hostile. And in every culture, children who perceived the actions of another person as hostile, themselves more often showed aggression – this probability was 5 times higher than in children who did not see anything special in the behavior of others. For those four years, which continued the study, the guys, inclined to regard any actions as hostile, for the most part more often and in a tougher form to show aggression.
Children, inclined to estimate the actions of others as aggressive, live, for example, in the city of Ez Zarka in Jordan and in Naples in Italy, that is, cities where problems associated with children’s aggression are significantly more. On the contrary, from Trollhatan in Sweden and from Chinese Jinan, where such problems were observed much less often, the respondents’ children were configured more peacefully.
"These results suggest that it is not enough to teach children to relate to others just as they would like to treat them: it is important to teach them to think about others just as they would like to think about them. Taking the child to assume the good intentions of others in case of doubt, we will help him become more mature, less aggressive and disturbing, "says the main author of the study, director of the Center for the Child and Family Policy at the University of Duke Kennet E. Dodge (Kenneth A. Dodge).
Read more. K. Dodge et al. "Hostile Attributional Bias and Aggressive Behavior In Global Context", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, July 2015, № 30.